Like the Hohokam, they first lived in pithouses. Later they built pueblos. The pueblos were two and three stories high, like apartment buildings. Some pueblos, built into the walls of canyons, are called cliff dwellings. They were built so well that some of them are still standing. About 600 years ago the Anasazi abandoned their homes. The people moved away and left their homes deserted. The Hopi and other Pueblo People are thought to be their descendants. The Mogollon people lived in the eastern mountains. The name “Mogollon” comes from Juan Ignacio Mogollon. He was the Spanish governor of New Mexico from 1712–1715. They farmed, hunted, and gathered their food in the area known today as the Mogollon Rim. They learned to make baskets. Later they made red and brown pottery. They got other things they needed by trading with other tribes. There were other Native American people who were not a part of the three main cultural groups. Those people who lived in the Verde Valley and Flagstaff areas of Arizona are known as the Sinagua People. These people were given their name by Spanish explorers when the explorers came upon their ruins in the late 1500s. Sinagua means “without water.” anasazi   Cultural   area This map shows the cultural  area of the Anasazi. mogollon   Cultural   area This map shows the cultural  area of the Mogollon. The ancient pueblo of Kinishba was built by the Mogollon people.  Today its ruins are near the town of White River, Arizona. Chapter 3 • The First People: Native Arizonans  31