A The battleship Arizona  lies in its watery grave at  the USS Arizona Memorial,  Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. B This anchor was made  for the battleship Arizona  but was never used by  the great ship. Today  it is found as part of  the Battleship Arizona  Memorial at Wesley Bolin  Plaza in Phoenix. On December 7, 1941, all eight of America’s battleships were anchored in beautiful Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The battleship Arizona had a crew of 1,553 officers and men assigned to her. She was under the command of Rear Admiral Isaac C. Kidd and Captain Franklin Van Valkenburgh. At 7:55 a.m. planes from the Japanese strike force began their attack. A total of two torpedoes and seven bombs struck the great battleship. One of those bombs fell down the smoke stack and ignited the Arizona’s own ammunition. The Arizona exploded. Of the 1,553 men on board the Arizona, only 289 men survived the explosion and resulting fire. Both Rear Admiral Kidd and Captain Van Valkenburgh were killed. The hull of the battleship Arizona was now broken. The great ship quickly settled into the shallow, blue-green waters of Pearl Harbor Bay. When the ship came to rest, her stern still remained above the water and the Stars and Stripes was still flying! Today the U.S.S. Arizona Memorial sits above the remains of the old battleship. More than 1,000 United States servicemen are still entombed inside the battleship’s hull. The U.S.S. Arizona Memorial is one of the most “holy of grounds” in American history. Thousands of tourists from all over the world visit this shrine each year. A 128  Chapter 13 • Changing Arizona B